How to get rid of ransomware virus

by Jake Doevan - - Improved | Type: Ransomware

Ransomware is a malicious computer software, which is used by cyber criminals to infect victim’s computer and block access to it or to encrypt data stored on it. Ransomware viruses ask to pay a ransom to unblock the computer or to restore the encrypted data. Different viruses use different techniques to scare the victim and convince him or her to pay the ransom. Some of them provide no information at all, just an e-mail address to contact ransomware authors and ask for instructions on how to fix the computer, other viruses attempt to pose as programs created by legal authorities and meant to hunt down people who supposedly break laws. The main aim of these computer viruses is to scare the victim by taking his/hers computer or data hostage, and some viruses even threaten the victim to publish private data online. First examples of ransomware were spotted a long time ago in Russia. During the 2015 and 2016, the number of ransomware variants and attacks has incredibly proliferated, making this computer virus one of the most fearsome cyber threats of all time.

Examples of most widespread ransomware viruses

Locky ransomware. It is one of the most dangerous crypto-ransomware viruses. However, despite earning the name of the undefeatable crypto-ransomware virus, its authors have released several similar variants of it, including Bart ransomware and Zepto virus. This virus is distributed via deceptive email letters that contain .doc or .zip attachments. Typically, these files are named as invoices. If the victim fails to recognise a trickery and opens the JS file included in the .zip archive or allows Macros for malicious .doc file, the virus launches, and starts encrypting all victim’s files. This virus is capable of encrypting data even on unmapped network shares. After encrypting all data, Locky creates and saves _Locky_recover_instructions.txt on the system, containing instructions on how to pay the payment and get Locky decryption software.

Your browser has been blocked virus. This ransomware variant does not encrypt victim’s files but prevents the user from accessing Internet browsers and triggers threatening messages, stating that the user has been caught watching or distributing prohibited content such as adult content, copyrighted software, and the like. Typically, such menacing messages are designed to look like official messages from FBI, local police authorities, EUROPOL, or other well-known law-enforcement organisations. These messages urge the victim to pay a fine (ransom) to avoid going to jail. Instead of paying the ransom, the victim should remove this malware from the system.

FBI virus. This ransomware gets inside victim’s PC with the help of Trojan.LockScreen, and displays a lock screen, preventing the victim from accessing the PC. The virus shows scary-looking messages stating that the victim has broken several laws, for example, watched or distributed prohibited content, and might be sent to prison soon. These fake warnings ask the victim to pay a fine immediately to avoid jail sentence. Such hideous malware can be uninstalled using anti-malware software.


Modus operandi of ransomware

Different ransomware viruses use various techniques to blackmail the victim and force him or her to pay a ransom. Such infections can severely affect the computer system in order to convince the victim to pay up. After that, they ask the victim to pay the ransom either to a provided Bitcoin address or by buying Ukash, PaySafeCard, or MoneyPak payment methods. Below, we have listed most common activities of ransomware viruses to help you understand how such malware examples operate:

  • The majority of ransomware viruses are programmed to find specific files on victim’s computer and encrypt them. Typically, they search for important documents, videos, databases, photos, music files, and other file types and encrypt them using a certain encryption system.
  • Ransomware viruses can steal Bitcoins and valuable information from user’s computer and send them to their Command & Control servers.
  • Ransomware can delete victim’s files. Typically, such viruses display a countdown clock showing how much time has left to pay the ransom, and remove a certain amount of victim’s files at fixed time intervals.
  • Such viruses can terminate computer protection software and slow the entire system down, making it practically impossible to use it.

How are ransomware viruses distributed?

There are several methods used to distribute ransomware, and it seems that over the years they haven’t changed significantly. The most popular techniques cyber criminals use to spread this type of malware are these:

Malware-laden ads. Cybercriminals tend to target ad networks and infect them so they can distribute malicious software via them. Malicious ads can link the user to websites that contain particular exploit kit, capable of exploiting victim’s system vulnerabilities and infecting the computer with ransomware.

Malicious emails: This is probably the most popular method used to spread malware. Crooks craft safe-looking emails and append malicious attachments to them. Typically, such emails contain a convincing message inviting the victim to view some documents or read someone’s resume. When the victim opens such attachment, ransomware gets executed and immediately infects the system.

Trojan horses: Ransomware can be automatically downloaded to the system if it has been earlier compromised by a Trojan horse. Such threats tend to remain silent for a while and download more malicious files later on.

Should you pay the ransom and how to remove ransomware from the compromised computer?

First of all, we would like to encourage all victims of ransomware NOT to pay the ransom. Paying the ransom will only fuel efforts of cyber criminals to continue malicious activities, create new ransomware projects, and affect more innocent people. Besides, some ransomware authors are amateur programmers who fail to create working decryption tools, therefore, paying the ransom might not help you to recover the encrypted data using the decrypter they advertise. Files can always be retrieved from a backup, of course, in case the victim has one. Before plugging the device with data copies into the compromised computer, the user has to be sure that the ransomware is completely removed. To remove ransomware virus, we suggest using automatic malware tool. We strongly recommend you not to try to uninstall ransomware virus manually, because it can be a hard thing to do even for an experienced IT expert. Besides, ransomware viruses do not provide uninstall feature, and that means that the victim needs to track down and remove each of virus components individually. Sometimes, ransomware viruses can try to block security programs, so in such case, the computer needs to be run in a Safe Mode first.

Latest ransomware viruses added to the database

Database of ransomware viruses

May 23, 2017

XData ransomware

XData virus wreaks havoc in Ukraine XData ransomware is a computer virus that encrypts data stored on the target computer and also on unmapped network shares. Read the post
May 19, 2017

UIWIX virus

UIWIX ransomware is an example of fileless malware that infects computer systems using EternalBlue exploit UIWIX virus is a dangerous ransomware program that attacks Windows operating system using the EternalBlue exploit. Read the post
May 16, 2017

WannaCry ransomware

WannaCry ransomware assault results in 230 000 infected computers WannaCry virus operates as a file-encrypting threat crafted on the basis of EternalBlue vulnerability. Read the post
May 12, 2017

Cry128 ransomware

Files encrypted by Cry128 ransomware can be restored for free Cry128 ransomware is a malicious computer virus that comes from CryptON malware family. Read the post
May 08, 2017

Onion ransomware virus

Onion ransomware renews its activities Onion virus is a name of a malicious computer program that encrypts files and appends MW_ or KK_ prefix to the filenames. Read the post
May 03, 2017

Salsa ransomware

Multinational Salsa ransomware translates ransom message to 40 languages Salsa virus presents an interesting option for its victims. Read the post
April 27, 2017

Mole ransomware

Mole ransomware adds more viruses into its ‘delivery package’ Mole virus is the title given to the file-encrypting threat which gained IT experts attention for its exceptionally insidious transmission campaign. Read the post
April 24, 2017

Wallet virus

Wallet ransomware and its connection to Dharma virus family Wallet is a crypto-ransomware that the experts attribute to the Dharma ransomware group. Read the post
April 24, 2017

Locky virus

Locky virus, a ransomware you need to look out for Recently, the cyber community was shaken by a new wave of ransomware, dubbed Locky virus. Read the post
April 11, 2017

BTC ransomware

BTC ransomware – another menace in the cyber space The first signs of BTC or alternatively called BTCLocker were detected already on the last months of 2016. Read the post
April 06, 2017

Al-Namrood virus

Al-Namrood ransomware: a constantly developing threat Al-Namrood virus, a ransomware who shares its name with Saudi Arabian black metal band, will sure cause a headache for those who aren’t accustomed to dealing with such infections on a daily basis. Read the post
April 03, 2017

.dot ransomware

What purpose does .dot virus have? .dot ransomware virus is another extortionist that aims at various types of files and prevents users from using them. Read the post
March 29, 2017

FBI virus

What is FBI virus and how does it spread? For several years FBI virus has been spreading around the Internet and fooling users that Federal Bureau of Investigation has locked their computers. Read the post
March 23, 2017

RoshaLock virus

RoshaLock ransomware archives your files instead of simply encrypting them RoshaLock virus appears to be a unique ransomware-type virus, which was previously dubbed as All_your_documents ransomware virus. Read the post

Additional information added on 2016-09-12


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